Dr. Tracy Smith-Carrier

Dr. Tracy Smith-Carrier Program Coordinator

Associate Professor

Office: SA230
Phone: 4481
Email: tsmithca@uwo.ca

Tracy's program of research touches upon a number of different fields in the social policy arena, including access to social welfare benefits, social assistance receipt, caring labour and health care administration and the experience of service utilization, specifically for frail, homebound older adults. Dr. Smith-Carrier started her journey as a middle school teacher and later moved onto to pursue a career in research and policy analysis, particularly examining if, and how, marginalized groups access programs and services in the post-welfare state. She brings years of experience in social planning and non-profit organizations, government and hospital settings. Current research projects involve a mixed-methods study examining trends in intergenerational social assistance receipt, research on basic income schemes, and a study on rural poverty in Ontario.


  • Queens University - BAH
  • University of Toronto - BEd
  • Wilfrid Laurier University - MSW
  • University of Toronto - PhD (Social Work)


Social Welfare; Poverty; Social Policy; Social Assistance; Health Care Administration; Caring Labour; Interprofessional Collaboration; Home Based Primary Care; Aging; Mixed-Methods Research


Co-Principal Investigator with Drs. Stephanie Baker Collins, Amber Gazso, Dean Herd and Carrie Smith - Myth or Reality? Exploring Parent and Child Social Assistance Use in Ontario, Canada

Co-Principal Investigator with Drs. Don Kerr, Siu Ming Kwok, Dora Tam, and Ms. Juyan Wang - Another Case of Welfare Cycling? Exploring Social Assistant Participation in London, Ontario

Postdoctoral Research Award, Department of Medicine, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario

Selected Publications

Peer Reviewed Publications

Smith-Carrier, T., Gazso, A., Baker Collins, S., & Smith, C. (forthcoming). Myth or reality? Exploring intergenerational social assistance participation in Ontario, Canada. Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare.

Kerr, D., Smith-Carrier, T., & Wang, J. (forthcoming). From temporary financial assistance to longer term income support: Probing the growth in Ontario's Disability Support Program (OSDP). Canadian Review of Social Policy.

Montgomery, P., Wuest, A., Forcuk, C., Jeng, M., Smith-Carrier, T., & Rudnick, A. (forthcoming). Social inclusion as freedom for persons living with mental illness. Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health.

Kerr, D., Smith-Carrier, T., Wang, J., Kwok, S-M., & Tam, D. (forthcoming). Population aging and the Ontario Disability Support Program (ODSP). Canadian Journal of Disability Studies.

Oudshoorn, A., Forchuk, C., Hall, J., Smith-Carrier, T., & Van Berkum, A. (2018). An evaluation of a Housing First program for chronically homeless women. Journal of Social Inclusion, 9(2), 34-50.

Smith-Carrier, T., Leacy, K., Sangster Bouck, M., Justrabo, J., & Decker Pierce, B. (2018). ‘I learned just how hard living in poverty actually is’: A multiple case study on poverty simulation events. Journal of Social Work, 0(0), 1-22.

Smith-Carrier, T., Kerr, D., Kwok, S-M., Tam, D., & Wang, J. (2017). Vestiges of the medical model? Exploring trends in the Ontario Disability Support Program in Ontario, Canada. Disability & Society, 32(10), 1570-1591.

Smith-Carrier, T., & Green, S. (2017). Another low road to basic income? Mapping a pragmatic model for basic income in Canada. Basic Income Studies, 12(2), 1-21.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2017). Reproducing social conditions of poverty: A critical feminist analysis of social assistance participation in Ontario, Canada. Journal of Women, Politics & Policy, 38(4), 498-521.

Smith-Carrier, T., Pham, T-N., Akhtar, S., Seddon, G., Nowaczynski, M., & Sinha, S. (2017). “It’s not just the word care, it’s the meaning of the word…(They) actually care”: Caregivers’ perceptions of home-based primary care in Toronto, Ontario. Ageing & Society, 38(10), 2019-2040.

Smith-Carrier, T., & Lawlor, A. (2017). Realizing our (neoliberal) potential? A critical discourse analysis of the Poverty Reduction Strategy in Ontario, Canada. Critical Social Policy, 37(1), 105-127.

Smith-Carrier, T., Ross, K., Kirkham, J., & Decker Pierce, B. (2017). "Food is a right...nobody should be starving on our streets": Perceptions of food bank usage in a mid-sized city in Ontario, Canada. Journal of Human Rights Practice, 9(1), 29-49.

Smith-Carrier, T., Sinha, S., Nowaczynski, M., Akhtar, S., Seddon, G., & Pham, T-N. (2016). It "makes you feel more like a person than a patient": Patients’ experiences receiving home-based primary care (HBPC) in Ontario, Canada. Health & Social Care in the Community, 25(2), 723-733.

Smith-Carrier, T., Pham, T-N., Akhtar, S., Nowaczynski, M., Seddon, G., & Sinha, S. (2015). "A more rounded full care model": Interprofessional team members' perceptions of home-based primary care in Ontario, Canada. Home Health Care Services Quarterly, 34(3-4), 232-251.

Smith-Carrier, T., Koffler, T., Mishna, F., Wallwork, A., Daciuk, J., & Zeger, J. (2015). Putting your mind at ease: Findings from a mindfulness training program in Toronto area schools. Journal of Children's Services, 10(4), 376-392.

Smith-Carrier, T., & Neysmith, S. (2014). Analyzing the interprofessional working of a home-based primary care team. Canadian Journal on Aging, 33(3), 271-284. 

Bhuyan, R. & Smith-Carrier, T. (2012). The social rights of citizenship for immigrants with precarious immigration status: Is subnational citizenship possible? Citizenship Studies, 16(2), 203-221.

Smith-Carrier, T., Nowaczynski, M., Akhtar, S., Pham, T-N., & Sinha, S. (2012). Home-based primary care for older homebound adults: An innovative solution for a 21st-century challenge. Canadian Geriatrics Society Journal of CME, 2(1), 26-29.

Bhuyan, R. & Smith-Carrier, T. (2010). Precarious migratory status in Canada: Implications for social work and social service delivery. Canadian Social Work Journal, 12(1), 51-60.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2010). A LEAP forward or a LEAP back? Revelations about the Learning, Earning and Parenting (LEAP) program of Ontario Works. Social Policy & Society, 9(2), 155-166.


Smith-Carrier, T. (in press). Universality and immigration: Differential access to social programs and societal inclusion. In D. Béland, P. Marchildon, & M. J. Prince (Eds.), Universality and Social Policy in Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press

Smith-Carrier, T., & Mitchell, J. (2015).  Immigrants on social assistance in Canada: Who are they and why are they there? In D. Béland & P-M. Daigneault (Eds.), Welfare reform in Canada: Provincial social assistance in comparative perspective. (pps. 305-322) Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2012). Conversations on care work. (Review of the books: Making care count and Valuing care work: Comparative perspectives). Affilia: Journal of Women and Social Work, 27, 113.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2007). A New City (Review of the book: The new city: How the crisis in Canada’s urban centres is reshaping the nation). Journal of Social Policy, 36(4), 686-688.


Smith-Carrier, T., & Lawlor, A. (2018). Engendering economic stability: Exploring a matricentric feminist approach to poverty reduction for mothers in Ontario, Canada. Paper presented at the Matricentric Feminism: Theory, Activism, Politics, Practice and Representation Conference, Motherhood Initiative for Research and Community Involvement, Syracuse University, Florence, Italy, May 2-4, 2018.

Knezevic, D., Smith-Carrier, T., & Walker, N. (2018). A basic income guarantee? Exploring the right to a basic income in Canada. Paper presented at the North American Basic Income Congress, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, May 24-27, 2018.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2017). The Ontario Disability Support Program. Paper presented at the Canadian Research Data Centre Network National Conference, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, November 14-15, 2017.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2017). Interrogating assumptions of universality. Whose nation? The unfilled promise of Canada’s social programs. Paper presented at the Society of Socialist Studies, Congress, Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, May 30-June 2, 2017.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2016). Realizing our (neoliberal) potential? A critical discourse analysis of the Poverty Reduction Strategy in Ontario, Canada. Paper presented at the Third ISA Forum of Sociology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. July 10-14, 2016.

Smith-Carrier, T., & Baker Collins, S. (2016). Myth or reality? Exploring intergenerational social assistance participation in Ontario, Canada. Paper presented at the 3rd Annual Global Well-Being and Social Change conference: Global Poverty: Human Needs, Economic Justice, and Social Change, Lancaster, Pennsylvania, June 8-10, 2016.

Smith-Carrier, T., & Green, S. (2016). Another low road to basic income? Mapping a pragmatic model for basic income in Ontario. Paper presented at the North American Basic Income Guarantee Congress, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, May 12 -15, 2016.

Smith-Carrier, T., & Justrabo, J., Leacy, K., Sanster Bouck, M., & Decker Pierce, B. (2016). Appreciating “the hard work of poverty": An interactive workshop and poverty simulation. Paper presented at the Ontario Association of Social Work Conference, Toronto, Ontario, November 11-12, 2016.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2015). Human rights: A valuable platform for critical feminists? Paper presented at Congress 2015. Concepts in Feminist Intersectionality. University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, June 3, 2015.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2014). Higher impact blended learning. Technologies and Pedagogies at King’s: High Impact Learning. King’s University College, London, Ontario, October 30, 2014.

Smith-Carrier, T., Pham, T.N., Seddon, G. (2014). “It makes you feel more like a person than a patient”: Patients’ perceptions receiving integrated home-based primary care (IHBPC) in Toronto, Ontario. Association of Family Health Teams of Ontario Conference. Toronto, Ontario, October 15-16, 2014.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2014). Quantitative feminist research? Exploring the possibilities. Paper presented at Congress 2014, Potentialities in Feminist Methodologies: Challenges and Innovations. Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, May 28, 2014.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2014). “It’s actually a more rounded, full care model”: Findings from team members providing integrated home-based primary care (IHBPC) services in Toronto, Ontario. Paper presented at the Ontario Gerontology Association Conference, Toronto, Ontario, April 9-10, 2014.

Smith-Carrier, T., & Mitchell, J. (2013). Immigrants on social assistance. Paper presented at the Welfare Reform: The Future of Social Policy in Canada Conference. Regina, Saskatchewan, October 24-25, 2013. 

Smith-Carrier, T., & Mantulak, A. (2013). Virtual social work? The impact of blended learning in social work education. Paper presented at Congress. University of Victoria, British Columbia, June 3, 2013.

Smith-Carrier, T., & Mitchell, J. (2013). Immigrants on social assistance in Ontario: Debunking the myths. Paper presented at 6th Annual Social Work Research Symposium at York University, Toronto, Ontario, April 26, 2013.

Smith-Carrier, T., & Mantulak, A. (2013). Maximizing student learning with blended learning. Blended Learning Conference at King’s University College at Western University, London, Ontario, April 10, 2013.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2013). Evaluating a health and social care innovation: Findings from the integrated home-based primary care (IHBPC) study. Paper presented at the Home Care Summit, Canadian Home Care Association, Ottawa, Ontario, October 28-30, 2013.

Smith-Carrier, T., & Mitchell, J. (2013). Immigrants on social assistance. Paper presented at the Welfare Reform: The Future of Social Policy in Canada ConferenceRegina, Saskatchewan, October 24-25, 2013. 

Smith-Carrier, T., & Mantulak, A. (2013). Virtual social work? Blended learning in social work education. Paper presented at the Congress of the Humanities and Social Sciences: Canadian Association of Social Work Education, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, June 1-8, 2013.

Smith-Carrier, T., & Mitchell, J. (2013). Immigrants on social assistance in Ontario: Debunking the myths. Paper presented at 6th Annual Social Work Research Symposium at York University, Toronto, Ontario, April 26, 2013.

Smith-Carrier, T., Tefera, A., Paterno, E., et al. (2012). Navigating complex systems: A case study of welfare utilization by immigrants in Ontario. Paper presented at the Metropolis Conference, Toronto, Ontario, Feb. 29-Mar. 3, 2012.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2011). Assessing the impact of neoliberalism on citizenship: The stratification of social rights by immigration status in Toronto, Ontario. Paper presented at the Research Alliance on Precarious Status Public Workshop, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Sept. 16, 2010.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2011). Challenging the dominant discourse of welfare dependency. Paper presented at the Ministry of Community and Social Services Speaker Series, Toronto, Ontario, April 13, 2010.

Bhuyan, R. & Smith-Carrier, T. (presenter) (2010). Few rights, many responsibilities: An exploration of the social rights for immigrants with precarious status in Canada. Paper presented at the Congress of the Canadian Association of Social Work Education. Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, June 1, 2010.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2009). Situating the dominant discourse within the citizenship debate: Mothers on welfare—An’Other kind of citizen. Paper presented at the Feminist Research Group Conference, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, May 23, 2009.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2007). Social provisioning: Possibilities for global feminist citizenship. Paper presented at the Citizenship, Identity and Social Justice Conference, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, May 17-19, 2007.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2006). Deliberative democracy: The modus operandi for heightened civic engagement. Paper presented at the Canadian Association of Schools of Social Work Conference, York University, Toronto, Ontario, June 1, 2006.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2006). The principles of deliberative democracy: Possibilities for structural social work? Paper presented at the Structural Social Work Conference, Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, Sept. 29, 2006.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2006). Deliberative democracy: Overcoming political exclusion based on social location. Paper presented at The Centre d'études Ethniques des Universités Montréalaise (CEETUM) Conference, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Feb. 22-23, 2006.