Dr. Tracy Smith-Carrier

Dr. Tracy Smith-Carrier Program Coordinator

Associate Professor

Office: FB106
Phone: 4349
Email: tsmithca@uwo.ca

Tracy's program of research touches upon a number of different fields in the social policy arena, including access to social welfare benefits, social assistance receipt, caring labour and health care administration and the experience of service utilization, specifically for frail, homebound older adults. Dr. Smith-Carrier started her journey as a middle school teacher and later moved onto to pursue a career in research and policy analysis, particularly examining if, and how, marginalized groups access programs and services in the post-welfare state. She brings years of experience in social planning and non-profit organizations, government and hospital settings. Current research projects involve a mixed-methods study examining trends in intergenerational social assistance receipt, research on basic income schemes, and a study on rural poverty in Ontario.

Education

  • Queens University - BAH
  • University of Toronto - BEd
  • Wilfrid Laurier University - MSW
  • University of Toronto - PhD (Social Work)

Research

Social Welfare; Poverty; Social Policy; Social Assistance; Health Care Administration; Caring Labour; Interprofessional Collaboration; Home Based Primary Care; Aging; Mixed-Methods Research

RESEARCH ACTIVITY

Co-Principal Investigator with Drs. Stephanie Baker Collins, Amber Gazso, Dean Herd and Carrie Smith - Myth or Reality? Exploring Parent and Child Social Assistance Use in Ontario, Canada

Co-Principal Investigator with Drs. Don Kerr, Siu Ming Kwok, Dora Tam, and Ms. Juyan Wang - Another Case of Welfare Cycling? Exploring Social Assistant Participation in London, Ontario

Postdoctoral Research Award, Department of Medicine, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario

Selected Publications

Peer Reviewed Publications

Smith-Carrier, T., Kerr, D., & Wang, J. (forthcoming). The Learning, Earning and Parenting (LEAP) program two decades on: A critical policy analysis of a descriptive cohort study. Social Policy and Society.

Smith-Carrier, T., Montgomery, P., Mossey, S., McCauley, K., Shute, T., Forchuk, C., & Rudnick, A. (forthcoming). A critical analysis of the Ontario Disability Support Program (ODSP): Does the program meet its identified policy objectives? Canadian Journal of Disability Studies.

Smith-Carrier, T., & Benbow, S. (2019). Engendering economic stability: Exploring a basic income for mothers in Ontario. Journal of the Motherhood Initiative: Matricentric Feminism, 10(1/2), 45-58. http://motherhoodinitiative.org/product/matricentric-feminism/

Gazso, A., Baker Collins, S., Smith-Carrier, T., & Smith, C. (2019). Thinking differently about generation and ‘welfare dependency’: A qualitative analysis. Social Problems, 0, 1-17. http://doi.org/10.1093/socpro/spz032

Smith-Carrier, T., Béres, L., Johnson, K., Blake, C., & Howard, J. (2019). Digging into the experiences of therapeutic gardening for people with dementia: An interpretative phenomenological analysis. Dementia. https://doi.org/10.1177/1471301219869121

Smith, C., Smith-Carrier, T., Gazso, A., & Baker Collins, S. (2019). The relationship between child maltreatment and social assistance use: A chain of adversities and transitions from a Life Course Perspective. Journal of Public Child Welfare. https://doi.org/10.1080/15548732.2019.1608887

Montgomery, P., Wuest, A., Forcuk, C., Jeng, M., Smith-Carrier, T., & Rudnick, A. (2019). Social inclusion as freedom for persons living with mental illness. Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health, 37(4), 23-35. https://doi.org/10.7870/cjcmh-2018-023

Lawlor, A., Smith-Carrier, T., & Benbow, S. (2019). Reducing delivery: The effects of program recycling, an analysis of the Poverty Reduction Strategy in Ontario, Canada. Canadian Review of Social Policy, 78, 81-110. https://crsp.journals.yorku.ca/index.php/crsp/article/view/40303/0

Kerr, D., Smith-Carrier, T., & Wang, J. (2019). From temporary financial assistance to longer term income support: Probing the growth in Ontario’s Disability Support Program (ODSP).  Canadian Review of Social Policy, 79, 11-31. https://crsp.journals.yorku.ca/index.php/crsp/article/view/40301

Smith-Carrier, T., Gazso, A., Baker Collins, S., & Smith, C. (2019). Myth or reality? Exploring intergenerational social assistance participation in Ontario, Canada. Journal of Sociology  Social Welfare, 46(1), 113-137. https://scholarworks.wmich.edu/jssw/vol46/iss1/8

Oudshoorn, A., Forchuk, C., Hall, J., Smith-Carrier, T., & Van Berkum, A. (2018). An evaluation of a Housing First program for chronically homeless women. Journal of Social Inclusion, 9(2), 34-50. https://josi.journals.griffith.edu.au/index.php/inclusion/article/viewFile/1095/973

Smith-Carrier, T., Leacy, K., Sangster-Bouck, M., Justrabo, J., & Decker Pierce, B. (2018).  Living with poverty: A simulation. Journal of Social Work, 0(0), 1-22. https://doi.org/10.1177/1468017318766429

Liu, B., Moore, J. E., Almaawiy, U., Chan, W. H., Khan, S., Ewusie, J., ... & MOVE ON Collaboration. (2018). Outcomes of Mobilisation of Vulnerable Elders in Ontario (MOVE ON): A multisite interrupted time series evaluation of an implementation intervention to increase patient mobilisation. Age & Ageing, 47(1), 112-119. doi:10.1093/ageing/afx128.

Smith-Carrier, T., & Green, S. (2017). Another low road to basic income? Mapping a pragmatic model for basic income in Canada. Basic Income Studies, 12(2), 1-21. https://doi.org/10.1515/bis-2016-0020

Kerr, D., Smith-Carrier, T., Wang, J., Kwok, S-M., & Tam, D. (2017). Population aging and the Ontario Disability Support Program (ODSP). Canadian Journal of Disability Studies, 6(4), 33-55. https://doi.org/10.15353/cjds.v6i4.382

Smith-Carrier, T., Kerr, D., Wang, J. Kwok, S-M., & Tam, D. (2017). Vestiges of the medical model? A critical exploration into the Ontario Disability Support Program in Ontario, Canada. Disability & Society, 32(10), 1570-1591. https://doi.org/10.1080/09687599.2017.1359495

Smith-Carrier, T., Pham, T-N., Akhtar, S., Seddon, G., Nowaczynski, M., & Sinha, S. (2017). “It’s not just the word care, it’s the meaning of the word…(They) actually care”: Caregivers’ perceptions of home-based primary care in Toronto, Ontario. Ageing & Society, 38(10), 2019-2040. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0144686X1700040X

Smith-Carrier, T., Ross, K., Kirkham, J., & Decker Pierce, B. (2017). “Food is a right…Nobody should be starving on our streets”: Perceptions of food bank usage in London, Ontario. Journal of Human Rights Practice, 9(1), 29-49. https://doi.org/10.1093/jhuman/huw021

Smith-Carrier, T. (2017). Reproducing social conditions of poverty: A critical feminist analysis of social assistance participation in Ontario, Canada. Journal of Women, Politics & Policy, 38(4), 498-521. https://doi.org/10.1080/1554477X.2016.1268874

Smith-Carrier, T., & Lawlor, A. (2016). Realizing our (neoliberal) potential? A critical discourse analysis of the Poverty Reduction Strategy in Ontario, Canada. Critical Social Policy, 37(1), 105-127. https://doi.org/10.1177/0261018316666251

Smith-Carrier, T., Sinha, S., Nowaczynski, M., Akhtar, S., Seddon, G., & Pham, T-N. (2016). It ‘makes you feel more like a person than a patient’: Patients’ experiences receiving home-based primary care (HBPC) in Ontario, Canada. Health & Social Care in the Community, 25(2), 723-733. doi:10.1111/hsc.12362

Smith-Carrier, T., Pham, T-N., Akhtar, S., Nowaczynski, M., Seddon, G., & Sinha, S. (2015). "A more rounded full care model": Interprofessional team members' perceptions of home-based primary care in Ontario, Canada. Home Health Care Services Quarterly, 34(3-4), 232-251. doi:10.1080/01621424.2015.1108892

Smith-Carrier, T., Koffler, T., Mishna, F., Gallinaro, A., Daciuk, J., & Zeger, J. (2015). Putting your mind at ease: Findings from a mindfulness training program in Toronto area schools. Journal of Children’s Services, 10(4), 376-392. https://doi.org/10.1108/JCS-10-2014-0046

Smith-Carrier, T, & Neysmith, S. (2014). Analyzing the interprofessional working of a home-based primary care team. Canadian Journal on Aging, 33(3), 271-284. doi:10.1017/S071498081400021X

Moore, J. E., Mascarenhas, A., Marquez, C., Ummukulthum, A., Chan, W-H., D’Souza, J.,…the MOVE ON Team. (2014). Mapping barriers and intervention activities to behavior change theory for Mobilization of Vulnerable Elders in Ontario (MOVE ON), a multi-site implementation intervention in acute care hospitals. Implementation Science, 9, 160-169. doi:10.1186/s13012-014-0160-6

Liu, B., Almaawiy, U., Moore, J. E., Chan, W. H., Straus, S. E., & the MOVE ON Team. (2013). Evaluation of a multisite educational intervention to improve mobilization of older patients in hospital: protocol for mobilization of vulnerable elders in Ontario (MOVE ON). Implementation Science, 8(1), 76. doi:10.1186/1748-5908-8-76

Smith-Carrier, T., Nowaczynski, M., Akhtar, S., Pham, T-N., & Sinha, S. (2012). Home-based primary care for older homebound adults: An innovative solution for a 21st-century challenge. Canadian Geriatrics Society Journal of CME, 2(1), 26-29. 

Bhuyan, R. & Smith-Carrier, T.A. (2012). The social rights of citizenship for immigrants with precarious immigration status: Is subnational citizenship possible? Citizenship Studies, 16(2), 203-221. https://doi.org/10.1080/13621025.2012.667613

Bhuyan, R. & Smith-Carrier, T.A. (2010). Precarious migratory status in Canada: Implications for social work and social service delivery. Canadian Social Work Journal, 12(1), 51-60. http://p2pcanada.ca/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/Settlement-of-Newcomers-to-Canada-Fall-2010.pdf

Smith-Carrier, T.A. (2010). A LEAP forward or a LEAP back? Revelations about the Learning, Earning and Parenting (LEAP) program of Ontario Works. Social Policy and Society, 9(2), 155-166. https://doi.org/10.1017/S147474640999030 

BOOK CHAPTERS, editorials AND/OR REVIEWS

Smith-Carrier, T. (2019). Universality and immigration: Differential access to social programs and societal inclusion. In D. Béland, G. Marchildon, & M. J. Prince (Eds.), Universality and Social Policy in Canada (pp. 155-178). Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Smith-Carrier, T, & Mitchell, J. (2015). Immigrants on social assistance in Canada: Who are they and why are they there? In D. Béland & P-M. Daigneault (Eds.), Welfare reform in Canada: Provincial social assistance in comparative perspective (pp. 305-322). Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2012). Conversations on care work. (Review of the books: Making care count and Valuing care work: Comparative perspectives). Affilia: Journal of Women and Social Work, 27, 113. 

Smith-Carrier, T.A. (2007). A new city (Review of the book: The new city: How the crisis in Canada’s urban centres is reshaping the nation). Journal of Social Policy, 36(4), 686-688. 

NON-PEER REVIEWED ARTICLES & REPORTS

Smith-Carrier, T. (2019). Rural poverty in Ontario: A review of the literature and community feedback. London, ON: London Poverty Research Centre, King’s University College (Report No. 2019-2). Retrieved from http://www.povertyresearch.ca/reports-papers/rural-poverty-in-ontario1/

Lawlor, A., Smith-Carrier, T., & Benbow, S. (2019, February 8). Why is Ontario cutting midwife funding? Policy Options: Institute for Research on Public Policy. Retrieved from http://policyoptions.irpp.org/magazines/february-2019/why-is-ontario-cutting-midwife-funding/

Smith-Carrier, T. (2018, September 13). Rights-based approach key to alleviating poverty. Policy Options: Institute for Research on Public Policy. Retrieved from http://policyoptions.irpp.org/magazines/september-2018/rights-based-approach-key-alleviating-poverty/

Kerr, D., Smith-Carrier, T., Michalski, J., & Wang, J. (2017). An overview of recent demographic and economic trends impacting low income and social assistance use in London and neighbouring CMAS in Southwestern Ontario. London Poverty Research Centre at King’s. Retrieved from http://www.povertyresearch.ca/reports-papers/ 

CONFERENCE PRESENTATIONS

Smith-Carrier, T. (2019). Vestiges of the medical model: Exploring the Ontario Disability Support Program using a rights-based framework. Paper presented at the 9th International Conference on Social Work in Health and Mental Health, York, United Kingdom, July 22-26, 2019.

Smith-Carrier, T., & Mulvale, J. (2019). What’s the buzz about basic income? Should social workers care? Paper presented at the Canadian Association of Social Work Education Conference, Congress, Vancouver, BC, June 3-6, 2019.

Lenet, J., Béres, L., Mintzberg, S., Wilson, T., Smith-Carrier, T., & Taiwo, A. (2019). How might the importance of relationship for dialogue be honoured in social work scholarship? Paper presented at the Canadian Association of Social Work Education Conference, Congress, Vancouver, BC, June 3-6, 2019.

Knezevic, D., Smith-Carrier, T., & Walker, N. (2018). A basic income guarantee? Exploring the right to a basic income in Canada. Paper presented at the North American Basic Income Congress, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, May 24-27, 2018.

Smith-Carrier, T., & Lawlor, A. (2018). Engendering economic stability: Exploring a matricentric feminist approach to poverty reduction for mothers in Ontario, Canada. Paper presented at the Matricentric Feminism: Theory, Activism, Politics, Practice and Representation Conference, Motherhood Initiative for Research and Community Involvement, Syracuse University, Florence, Italy, May 2-4, 2018.

Knezevic, D., Smith-Carrier, T., & Walker, N. (2018). A basic income guarantee? Exploring the right to a basic income in Canada. Paper presented at the North American Basic Income Congress, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, May 24-27, 2018.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2017). The Ontario Disability Support Program. Paper presented at the Canadian Research Data Centre Network National Conference, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, November 14-15, 2017.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2017). Interrogating assumptions of universality. Whose nation? The unfilled promise of Canada’s social programs. Paper presented at the Society of Socialist Studies, Congress, Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, May 30-June 2, 2017.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2016). Realizing our (neoliberal) potential? A critical discourse analysis of the Poverty Reduction Strategy in Ontario, Canada. Paper presented at the Third ISA Forum of Sociology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. July 10-14, 2016.

Smith-Carrier, T., & Baker Collins, S. (2016). Myth or reality? Exploring intergenerational social assistance participation in Ontario, Canada. Paper presented at the 3rd Annual Global Well-Being and Social Change conference: Global Poverty: Human Needs, Economic Justice, and Social Change, Lancaster, Pennsylvania, June 8-10, 2016.

Smith-Carrier, T., & Green, S. (2016). Another low road to basic income? Mapping a pragmatic model for basic income in Ontario. Paper presented at the North American Basic Income Guarantee Congress, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, May 12 -15, 2016.

Smith-Carrier, T., & Justrabo, J., Leacy, K., Sanster Bouck, M., & Decker Pierce, B. (2016). Appreciating “the hard work of poverty": An interactive workshop and poverty simulation. Paper presented at the Ontario Association of Social Work Conference, Toronto, Ontario, November 11-12, 2016.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2015). Human rights: A valuable platform for critical feminists? Paper presented at Congress 2015. Concepts in Feminist Intersectionality. University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, June 3, 2015.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2014). Higher impact blended learning. Technologies and Pedagogies at King’s: High Impact Learning. King’s University College, London, Ontario, October 30, 2014.

Smith-Carrier, T., Pham, T.N., Seddon, G. (2014). “It makes you feel more like a person than a patient”: Patients’ perceptions receiving integrated home-based primary care (IHBPC) in Toronto, Ontario. Association of Family Health Teams of Ontario Conference. Toronto, Ontario, October 15-16, 2014.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2014). Quantitative feminist research? Exploring the possibilities. Paper presented at Congress 2014, Potentialities in Feminist Methodologies: Challenges and Innovations. Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, May 28, 2014.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2014). “It’s actually a more rounded, full care model”: Findings from team members providing integrated home-based primary care (IHBPC) services in Toronto, Ontario. Paper presented at the Ontario Gerontology Association Conference, Toronto, Ontario, April 9-10, 2014.

Smith-Carrier, T., & Mitchell, J. (2013). Immigrants on social assistance. Paper presented at the Welfare Reform: The Future of Social Policy in Canada Conference. Regina, Saskatchewan, October 24-25, 2013. 

Smith-Carrier, T., & Mantulak, A. (2013). Virtual social work? The impact of blended learning in social work education. Paper presented at Congress. University of Victoria, British Columbia, June 3, 2013.

Smith-Carrier, T., & Mitchell, J. (2013). Immigrants on social assistance in Ontario: Debunking the myths. Paper presented at 6th Annual Social Work Research Symposium at York University, Toronto, Ontario, April 26, 2013.

Smith-Carrier, T., & Mantulak, A. (2013). Maximizing student learning with blended learning. Blended Learning Conference at King’s University College at Western University, London, Ontario, April 10, 2013.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2013). Evaluating a health and social care innovation: Findings from the integrated home-based primary care (IHBPC) study. Paper presented at the Home Care Summit, Canadian Home Care Association, Ottawa, Ontario, October 28-30, 2013.

Smith-Carrier, T., & Mitchell, J. (2013). Immigrants on social assistance. Paper presented at the Welfare Reform: The Future of Social Policy in Canada ConferenceRegina, Saskatchewan, October 24-25, 2013. 

Smith-Carrier, T., & Mantulak, A. (2013). Virtual social work? Blended learning in social work education. Paper presented at the Congress of the Humanities and Social Sciences: Canadian Association of Social Work Education, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, June 1-8, 2013.

Smith-Carrier, T., & Mitchell, J. (2013). Immigrants on social assistance in Ontario: Debunking the myths. Paper presented at 6th Annual Social Work Research Symposium at York University, Toronto, Ontario, April 26, 2013.

Smith-Carrier, T., Tefera, A., Paterno, E., et al. (2012). Navigating complex systems: A case study of welfare utilization by immigrants in Ontario. Paper presented at the Metropolis Conference, Toronto, Ontario, Feb. 29-Mar. 3, 2012.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2011). Assessing the impact of neoliberalism on citizenship: The stratification of social rights by immigration status in Toronto, Ontario. Paper presented at the Research Alliance on Precarious Status Public Workshop, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Sept. 16, 2010.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2011). Challenging the dominant discourse of welfare dependency. Paper presented at the Ministry of Community and Social Services Speaker Series, Toronto, Ontario, April 13, 2010.

Bhuyan, R. & Smith-Carrier, T. (presenter) (2010). Few rights, many responsibilities: An exploration of the social rights for immigrants with precarious status in Canada. Paper presented at the Congress of the Canadian Association of Social Work Education. Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, June 1, 2010.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2009). Situating the dominant discourse within the citizenship debate: Mothers on welfare—An’Other kind of citizen. Paper presented at the Feminist Research Group Conference, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, May 23, 2009.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2007). Social provisioning: Possibilities for global feminist citizenship. Paper presented at the Citizenship, Identity and Social Justice Conference, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, May 17-19, 2007.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2006). Deliberative democracy: The modus operandi for heightened civic engagement. Paper presented at the Canadian Association of Schools of Social Work Conference, York University, Toronto, Ontario, June 1, 2006.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2006). The principles of deliberative democracy: Possibilities for structural social work? Paper presented at the Structural Social Work Conference, Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, Sept. 29, 2006.

Smith-Carrier, T. (2006). Deliberative democracy: Overcoming political exclusion based on social location. Paper presented at The Centre d'études Ethniques des Universités Montréalaise (CEETUM) Conference, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Feb. 22-23, 2006.